for B-flat clarinet (2009)




3 min.

Program Notes

Spurl is the first single-line composition I have ever created and it proved to be quite a challenge for me to create something that didn’t feel like someone playing a solo that’s supposed to go along with a “Music Minus One” recording without the recording. So, in the spirit of compositions like Johann Sebastian Bach’s Partita in A Minor for solo flute, Spurl attempts to convey both a melodic and harmonic progression through a monophonic texture. In order to do that, the music needs to move quite quickly.

I have long wondered about the musical possibilities of an eight-note scale consisting of the 8th through 15th partials of the overtone series, a scale that Baroque valve-less brass players would have “corrected” in order to play a diatonic scale. What happens if this
“natural scale” is allowed to have free reign instead? Spurl is the first piece I’ve composed using such a scale. (Since then I have also used this scale in sit and wait as a mountain, also 2009, for six voices, and Maps of New Places, composed in 2010-2012, for brass quintet.) Over the course of five and a half minutes, Spurl systematically explores all possible hexachords within this octatonic aggregate. This compositional conceit is clearly indebted to serial procedures. The rhythmic shifts are also inspired by Elliott Carter’s metric modulations. The resultant music, however, sounds minimalist and is obstinately tonal as a result of the clearly audible harmonic implications of the intervallic relationships between these eight pitches. Though commissioned for saxophonist Brian Sacawa by the Boston Microtonal Society (to perform during their 10th anniversary celebration concert at Boston’s Cathedral Church of St. Paul on May 10, 2009), Spurl can be effectively performed on any wind instrument capable of producing these eight 13-limit just intonation pitches. Therefore the Bb clarinet version created for a performance by Michiyo Suzuki as part of the 2012-13 concert season of Composers Concordance in New York City is equally definitive.

In Roald Dahl’s fascinating 1949 short story, “The Sound Machine,” a man is driven mad by a contraption he builds that enables him to hear sounds that occur in nature which had heretofore been impossible to perceive. While there is no direct programmatic reference in Spurl to Dahl’s “The Sound Machine,” the following passage from the story was on my mind throughout the compositional process:

A flower probably didn’t feel pain. It felt something else which we didn’t know about—something called toin or spurl or plinuckment, or anything you like.

Frank J. Oteri

Frank J. Oteri is a composer and music journalist based in New York City whose syncretic compositional style has been described as “distinctive” in The Grove Dictionary of American Music. His compositions include: Fair and Balanced, a saxophone quartet in quartertones premiered and recorded by the PRISM Quartet; Imagined Overtures, for rock band in sixth-tones recorded by the Los Angeles Electric 8; Love Games, settings of poems by Elizabethan sonneteer Mary Wroth premiered at SubCulture by the Young People’s Chorus of New York City conducted by Francisco Núñez; and Versions of the Truth, a 12-song cycle based on the poetry of Stephen Crane for dual-voiced singer and piano commissioned by the ASCAP Foundation Charles Kingsford Fund and premiered by Phillip Cheah and Trudy Chan (The Cheah Chan Duo). MACHUNAS, Oteri’s performance oratorio created in collaboration with Lucio Pozzi and inspired by the life of Fluxus-founder George Maciunas, premiered under the direction of Donatas Katkus during the Christopher Festival in Vilnius, Lithuania in 2005. Other interpreters of his music include pianist Sarah Cahill, harpsichordist Rebecca Pechefsky, guitarists Dominic Frasca and David Starobin, the Ray-Kallay Duo, Pentasonic Winds, Sylvan Winds, Magellan String Quartet, the Locrian Chamber Players, and Central City Chorus. In addition to his compositional activities, Oteri is the composer advocate at New Music USA and the co-editor of NewMusicBox, a web magazine he founded which has been online since May 1999. An outspoken crusader for new music and the breaking down of barriers between genres, he has written for numerous publications and is also a frequent radio guest and pre-concert speaker. Oteri is a graduate of the High School of Music and Art and holds a B.A. and an M.A. (in Ethnomusicology) from Columbia University where he served as Classical Music Director and World Music Director for WKCR-FM. In 2007, he was the recipient of ASCAP’s Victor Herbert Award.

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